71. 简化路径

模板 #

题目 #

以 Unix 风格给出一个文件的绝对路径,你需要简化它。或者换句话说,将其转换为规范路径。

在 Unix 风格的文件系统中,一个点(.)表示当前目录本身;此外,两个点 (..)  表示将目录切换到上一级(指向父目录);两者都可以是复杂相对路径的组成部分。更多信息请参阅:Linux / Unix 中的绝对路径 vs 相对路径

请注意,返回的规范路径必须始终以斜杠 / 开头,并且两个目录名之间必须只有一个斜杠 /。最后一个目录名(如果存在)不能以 / 结尾。此外,规范路径必须是表示绝对路径的最短字符串。

示例 1:

输入:"/home/"
输出:"/home"
解释:注意,最后一个目录名后面没有斜杠。

示例 2:

输入:"/../"
输出:"/"
解释:从根目录向上一级是不可行的,因为根是你可以到达的最高级。

示例 3:

输入:"/home//foo/"
输出:"/home/foo"
解释:在规范路径中,多个连续斜杠需要用一个斜杠替换。

示例 4:

输入:"/a/./b/../../c/"
输出:"/c"

示例 5:

输入:"/a/../../b/../c//.//"
输出:"/c"

示例 6:

输入:"/a//b////c/d//././/.."
输出:"/a/b/c"

Given an absolute path for a file (Unix-style), simplify it. Or in other words, convert it to the canonical path.

In a UNIX-style file system, a period . refers to the current directory. Furthermore, a double period .. moves the directory up a level.

Note that the returned canonical path must always begin with a slash /, and there must be only a single slash / between two directory names. The last directory name (if it exists) must not end with a trailing /. Also, the canonical path must be the shortest string representing the absolute path.

Example 1:

Input: "/home/"
Output: "/home"
Explanation: Note that there is no trailing slash after the last directory name.

Example 2:

Input: "/../"
Output: "/"
Explanation: Going one level up from the root directory is a no-op, as the root level is the highest level you can go.

Example 3:

Input: "/home//foo/"
Output: "/home/foo"
Explanation: In the canonical path, multiple consecutive slashes are replaced by a single one.

Example 4:

Input: "/a/./b/../../c/"
Output: "/c"

Example 5:

Input: "/a/../../b/../c//.//"
Output: "/c"

Example 6:

Input: "/a//b////c/d//././/.."
Output: "/a/b/c"

分析 #

先按 / 进行切割,然后创建一个 stack,判断为 . 就跳过,为 ..popstack 非空),其他就 append

题解 #









class Solution:
    def simplifyPath(self, path: str) -> str:
        ps = [p for p in path.split('/') if p]
        stack = list()
        for p in ps:
            if p == '.':
                continue
            elif p == '..':
                if stack:
                    stack.pop()
            else:
                stack.append(p)

        return '/' + '/'.join(stack)





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